It’s cliche to say that teachers aren’t appreciated. It’s barely worth mentioning that teachers promise to keep students safe, undergo thousands of hours of training, and manage hundreds of students each day – both educationally and physically. But, as requirements to be a good teacher escalate every year, administrative support and investment to hire excellent teachers isn’t rising to the occasion.
Did you know that a good teacher would have to work twice as many hours to earn half as much pay as a part-time, online copywriter? I didn’t, until yesterday. That’s when I realized that the system is literally making it impossible for me to justify being a teacher.
The current U.S. education system is destroying the will of teachers, for no other reason that pure mismanagement and lack of respect for the profession. It’s the ultimate case of destruction for destruction’s sake – making “teacher pay” the ultimate deplorable word.
Low Teacher Pay Means Low Teacher Quality, Low Scores, and Low Graduation
You might think I’m being dramatic, but, trust me, I’m not. The education system has been spiraling out of control for 50 years, with each new administration sure they know how to fix the problem.
Unfortunately, we’re looking at systemic issues that can’t be addressed with a standards-based testing program or bigger administration budgets. Teacher pay is one of the biggest reasons schools are failing today.
Don’t believe me? Here are some fun facts that may surprise you:
- Teacher wash-out is at record high levels, with 20% of new teachers leaving in 2014 and 50% of teachers quitting after only 5 years. This is a significant increase from the historical 9% attrition rate in the U.S. (Alliance for Excellent Education, 2014)
- Schools with higher teacher churn rate have students who score lower in English and Math on standardized tests. (Stanford University, 2013)
- Teacher salary (not necessarily increased district spending) is a determinant of teacher quality and, consequently, student achievement levels. (Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, 2012)
- High school students who have teachers with high expectations for their students and are personally invested in their students’ future success are much more likely to graduate. (Center for American Progress, 2014)
- Almost 70% of high school dropouts said that they did so because they were not pushed by teachers to do better. (Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, 2006)
- Recent budget cuts in Texas (and subsequent restoration) shows a clear correlation between teacher pay and teacher attrition. (Texas Tribune, 2014)
- Students whose teachers were given monetary incentives, up-front, with student test improvement as a condition of the raise, increased scores by an average of 10 points. (National Bureau of Economic Research, 2012)
- School districts where teachers have higher salaries have significantly higher English and Math scores than low-paying districts. (RAND Education, 2006)
As teachers, we are inculcated to believe that “no one goes into teaching for the money.” The mere thought is a violation of the erudite ideals that no financial gain is worth the accomplishment of shaping future generations.
We’ve been drinking the purple Kool-aid, people.
No, we don’t get into teaching for the money. We go into it to help people. To change the world. And yet, it’s clear that we are being taken advantage of. There are people who bank on the fact that new teachers will eat the poison of low-payment and high-debt because of the philanthropic natures that have led them into the field.
“They’d teach even if we didn’t pay them,” these people must think. “So, let’s just not pay them.”
Maybe this sounds bitter. Or maybe you disagree. But, here’s what I know from my personal experience:
- I know that, as a Language Arts teacher, it will take me approximately 19 years to pay off my $30,000 in student loans on my teaching salary alone.
- I know Superintendents and District Administrators who make almost $200,000 per year.
- I know technology specialists who are sinking $60,000 – $100,000 into new computer labs, software programs, and student film studios.
- I know teachers who say, “I’m retiring in two years. I hate teaching but I’m just waiting it out,” who will make over $50,000 per year for the rest of their life.
- I know principals who spend $100,000 per year on teacher training, new program materials, and behavioral systems, but who can’t take the time to give feedback to new teachers.
It’s Not About More Money, It’s About How We Spend It
As a country, we believe asking for more money will change the education system. So, each year, we ask for more money. In 2007, the American public spent the equivalent of 4% of the GDP on education – about $553 billion. And, on average, between 38-60% of typical budgets are spent on “instruction.” So, how is this “instruction” money used?
All the instruction materials (paper, pens, books, etc.) is lumped together with the cost of teacher salaries. Any expense (including $2000 video cameras, $500-per-student math programs, and science lab equipment) is included in that fee. To find out exactly how the district is spending student money, you have to find the document tucked away that gives a line-item overview.
Except that there usually isn’t one.
So, how is education money spent? According to the Consortium for Policy Research in Education, here’s how the nation’s education budget is allocated, on average:
Let’s use these numbers and take a look at Texas as a prime example of dollars and cents expenditures.
As you can see, a full 8.4% of budgets is spend on administration. For a state like Texas, that’s $4.536 billion dollars – $1.4 billion on district administration and $3.13 billion on school administration.
Of course, administration is not the only place where costs can be redirected. The typical new computer-lab setup is over $50,000. Less than 1% of probationary teachers are non-renewed, meaning that bad teachers are being grandfathered into a system where they don’t really belong – potentially making the money that a very good teacher isn’t.
Districts need to have more transparency on how much of their income is spent on teaching salaries and how much is spent on other instruction materials, programs, and overhead.
Failure to Close the Wage Gap Will Bleed Out Good Teachers
The average wage of a Superintendent in the U.S. is $146,573.
The average wage of a school principal is $97,155.
The average wage of an executive secretary is $47,500.
The average wage of the lowest 10% of retail managers is $39,712.
The average wage of a new teacher is $35,459.
The average wage of a full-time nanny is $29,159.
Why are we surprised that new teachers are falling by the wayside in the tens of thousands? We’re paying them slightly more than babysitters, and just less than Taco Bell managers. And yet we continually ask more of them – more hours, more education, more personal investment, more time outside of class, more money for school supplies…just more.
Has this ideology made education better? I posit that it has not. New teachers are being required to learn and grow at an astounding pace, which leads to burnout and frustration. Not only are they pouring themselves into their job, but they are barely making their rent payment. Who wouldn’t look for a greener pasture?
Money’s Just the Beginning
And yet, financial incentives alone are not enough to keep good teachers engaged. A study from the NEA and National Board Certified Teachers stated that districts must also provide:
1. Strong principal leadership – Principals who understand and support teacher decisions that are based on data and personal connection with the student. This includes principals who are interested and personally invested in seeing their new staff succeed.
2. A collegial staff with a shared teaching philosophy – The right kind of staff will be an open-minded community where teachers are there to help, learn, and grow alongside students and new teachers. Dogmatic teaching styles, backbiting staff, and an inability to cooperate should be means for dismissal.
3. Adequate resources necessary to teach – Teachers should not be using their personal funds to purchase education equipment and materials, but shouldn’t be stopped from requesting specialty items. All the necessities for their job (read “necessities” not “desires”) should be easily acquired.
4. A supportive and active parent community – There is little control over this element, especially if working in a rural, urban, or high-needs area. What teachers should be encouraged to do is connect with parents and engage their help if possible. Volunteerism should be a key component of the school’s culture.
The Real Action Plan
Fortunately, there are things we can do now to make teaching what it should be. From information gathered from the Center on International Education Benchmarking, here are some things the U.S. needs to take note of:
Canada (7th Worldwide) – “High selectivity in teacher education programs.” Teachers devoted to 1-on-1 learning experiences with potential drop-out high school students.
Finland (5th Worldwide) – “If there is a key to the success of the Finnish system, it is the quality of their teachers and the trust that the Finnish people have vested in them.” There is a systemic respect for the profession that attracts the highest-caliber candidates – only the top 10% of teacher education program graduates are accepted as teachers. Also, teachers only spend 4 hours instructing per day, with 2 hours in professional development each week.
Japan (2nd Worldwide) – “By law, teachers are the highest paid civil servants in Japan. Beginning teachers are paid about the same as beginning engineers. High pay helps attract highly-qualified applicants, and highly-qualified applicants produce very accomplished students, which induces a grateful nation to pay its teachers well.”
South Korea (1st Worldwide) – “Only two out of 32 countries surveyed by the OECD, for example, pay higher salaries to their lower secondary teachers than South Korea. The result is that just 5% of applicants are accepted into elementary school teacher training programs, and the teacher attrition rate is very low, only a little over 1% per year.”
Money shouldn’t be the deplorable word in education. It should be a force that we use to the benefit of students everywhere. As we systemically change the value of the teachers’ roles in society, and begin to pay them what they’re really worth, we’ll begin to eliminate poor quality instruction and see more student achievement.
What’s more, we’ll be able to finally reignite the love of teaching that so many have lost. Instead of “settling” for jobs as engineers, corporate marketing specialists, scientists, and writers, our teaching force will be able to come back to the thing that they always dreamed of doing – teaching students how to develop the skills that will change the world.